The Anti Diabetic Medicinal Plant List


Bauhinia Variegata

Partial list of medicinal plants with anti diabetic properties (in progress)


Herbs and plant preparations have served man for thousands of years before modern medicine. In the quest for food, mankind has learned about the power of the plant kingdom. Some nourished him, some killed him and some others healed him from diseases and ailments. Today is estimated that about 80% of the population in African and Asian countries rely on traditional medicine for their primary healthcare (WHO, 2008)

Most compounds we find in modern medicine still come from plants. As a specific example, biguanide metformin is considered one of the first-line agents used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, and its use can be traced to the traditional use of Galega officinalis to treat diabetes and the subsequent search to identify active compounds with reduced toxicity (Cusi and Defronzo 1998).

Yet we mostly look for modern medications to solve our problems. Herb compounds have some advantages, as they are less prone to undesirable side effects. Herbs are also cheaper, and in many cases free as they can grown them in our own garden.

Despite the historical use of herbs and plants to treat diabetes, one of the major concerns for this area of study is the lack of consistent data, prof of efficacy, and directions on how to use. These limitations are in part responsible for skepticism from the public. However, there is growing evidence of efficacy, and demonstrations of favorable effect for the treatment of diabetes, as it can be found in a variety of scientific studies.

There are thousands of plants known to have anti diabetic effects. Of these, 400 are fairly known and among these, 80 are of easily accessible and preparations can be found in natural food stores and pharmacies. However, there are more than 1200 botanicals, including algae, fungi that have been identify. To see the complete list, click here



Common nameLatin nameParts used

Aegle marmelos(Aegle marmelos)fruits
Agrimony(Agrimonia eupatoria)                                leaves
Aloe vera(Aloe vera)leaves
Amla(Phyllanthus emblica)fruits
Artemisia(Artemisia herba-alba)leaves
Barberry(Berberis Vulgaris)fruits
Brazilian orchid tree(Bauhinia forficata)leaves
Bilberry(Vaccinium myrtillus)fruit
Bitter melon(Momordica Charantia)fruit
Black seeds(Nigella sativa)seeds
Blueberry(Vaccinium corymbosum L.)fruit
Burdock(Arctium lappa)root, leaf, seed, stem
Camel’s foot tree(Phanera variegata)flowers, stem
Cannabis(Cannabis Sativa)leaf, seeds
Chili pepper(Capsicum)fruit
Cinnamon(Cinnamomum verum)bark
Cluster fig tree(Ficus glomerata)
Coriander(Coriandrum sativum)
Damiana(Turnera diffusa)
Dandelion(Taraxacum officinale)leafs, root
Holy basil(Ocimum sanctum)
Enicostemma littorale blume(Enicostemma littorale blume)
Fenugreek(Trigonella foenum-graecum)
Fig leafs(Ficus carica)
Garlic(Allium sativum)
Ginkgo biloba(Ginkgo biloba)
Ginger(Zingiber officinale)
Goat’s rue(Galega officinalis)
Guggul(Commiphora Wightii)
Grape(Vitis vinifera)seed extract
Green Tea(Camellia sinensis)leaves
Guduchi(Tinospora cordifolia)
Gymnema(Gymnema sylvestre)
Indian banyan(Ficus Benghalensis)
Indian gooseberry (amla)(Phyllanthus emblica)
Indian fig tree(ficus glomerata)
Indian kino tree(Pterocarpus marsupium)
Ivy gourd(Coccinia grandis)
Jack fruit(Artocarpus heterophyllus) leaves
Jambu fruit(Ptilinopus jambu)
jambul(Syzygium cumini)
Loquat(Eriobotrya japonica)
Mango leaves(Mangifera indica)
Milk thistle(Silybum marianum)
Nopal(Opuntia streptacantha)
Olive(Olea europaea) oil
Psyllium(Plantago ovata) seeds
Pedra hume caá(Myrcia uniflora)
Stevia(Stevia rebaudiana)
White button mushroom(Agaricus bisporus)
White mulberry(Morus alba)


This is a partial list of plants with anti-diabetic properties: if you know of any plant that is not in this list, please feel free to add it to the list by simply sending me a message using the form bellow



  1. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd edition.
  2. Antidiabetic plants and their active constituents 
  3. Diabetes and Herbal Medicines
  4. Medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes in Morocco
  5. Antioxidant activity of some Jordanian medicinal plants used traditionally for the treatment of diabetes
  7. An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of diabetes in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
  8. Indian Herbs and Herbal Drugs Used for the Treatment of Diabetes
  9. Mexican plants with hypoglycaemic effect used in the treatment of diabetes
  11. Traditional Herbal Medicines Used for the Treatment of Diabetes among Two Major Tribal Groups in South Tamil Nadu, India
  12. Effects of Momordica charantia fruit juice on islet morphology in the pancreas of  the streptozotocin-diabetic rat
  13. Plants and Natural Compounds with Antidiabetic Action
  14. Antidiabetic Herbal Drugs and Polyherbal Formulation Used For Diabetes: A Review
  15. Plants with anti diabetic activity and their medicinal value
  16. Herbal Therapies for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Chemistry, Biology, and Potential Application of Selected Plants and Compounds
  17. Lemon Juice, Resistant Starch, Coffee, Blueberries, Chili, Ginseng, Ginger, Mate, Gymnema Sylvestre, Bitter Melon. Supplements to Improve & Restore Insulin Sensitivity #4
  18. The use of plants in the traditional management of diabetes in Nigeria: Pharmacological and toxicological considerations


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