Coriander oil is a powerful natural medicine every household should have
Coriander is also known as cilantro, the popular spice. The oil from the seeds is a powerful panacea. Even though, the word panacea has a bad connotation these days; panakeia was a Greek goddess possessing healing powers for all diseases.
The goddess Panacea had four sisters: Hygieia – the goddess of cleanliness and sanitation; Laso – goddess of recuperation from illness. Aceso – goddess of the healing process; and Agæa – goddess of the beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment. Together they perform the art of healing all diseases. I rather see panacea under this beautiful, rich and inspiring angle.
Coriandrum sativum (coriander) is considered both an herb and a spice. Both its leaves and seeds are used as seasoning. They have been traditionally known as antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and cholesterol lowering. Also used as carminative, diuretic, stimulant, stomachic, refrigerent, aphrodisiac, analgestic, antihelmintic and hypoglycemic.
Coriander is available throughout the year providing fragrant flavors that are reminiscent of both citrus peel and sage. Originated in the Mediterranean region and cultivated mainly in tropical areas. Coriander oil is rich in beneficial phytonutrients.
#1 ANTI DIABETIC
Coriander has traditionally been referred to as an anti-diabetic plant. The anti hyperglycemic action of coriander is associated with stimulation of insulin secretion and enhancement of glucose uptake and metabolism by the muscle, due to the effects of more than one active constituent.
Coriander incorporated into the diet (62.5 g/kg) and drinking water (2.5 g/l, prepared by 15 min decoction) reduced hyperglycemia in diabetic mice. Aqueous extract of coriander (1 mg/ml) showed increases of 1.6-fold in 2 – deoxyglucose transport and 1.4-fold in glucose oxidation and incorporation of glucose into glycogen (1.7-fold) comparable with 10 – 8 M-insulin. In acute 20 min tests, 0.25–10.00 mg/ml aqueous extract of coriander evoked a step wise 1.3 – 5.7 – fold stimulation of insulin.
Sequential extraction with solvents revealed insulin-releasing activity in hexane and water fractions, indicating a possible cumulative effect of more than one extract. These results demonstrate the presence of anti-hyperglycaemic, insulin releasing and insulin-like activity in coriander.
#2 ANTI BACTERIA
The essential coriander oil (Coriandrum sativum) is effective against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Antibacterial susceptibility was evaluated using classical microbiological techniques . The results showed that coriander oil has an effective antimicrobial activity against all bacteria tested with the exception of Bacillus cereus and Enterococcus faecalis.
Propidium iodide incorporation and concomitant loss of all other cellular functions such as efflux activity, respiratory activity and membrane potential seem to suggest that the primary mechanism of action of coriander oil is membrane damage, which leads to cell death.
The results obtained herein further encourage the use of coriander oil in antibacterial formulations due to the fact that coriander oil effectively kills pathogenic bacteria related to food borne diseases and hospital infections.
#3 ANTI OXIDANT ACTIVITY
Leaf and seed extracts of coriander and coriander oil were tested for their antioxidant activity using different bioassay techniques. Positive correlations were found between total phenolic content in the extracts and antioxidant activity. Coriander leaves showed stronger antioxidant activity than the seeds and, in both parts of coriander, the ethyl acetate extract contributed to the strongest activity. It was suggested that addition of coriander to food would increase the antioxidant content and may have potential as a natural antioxidant and thus inhibit unwanted oxidation processes.
#4 DIGESTIVE HEALTH AND DIARRHEA CONTROL
Coriander, due to its rich aroma in its essential oils, apart from being an excellent appetizer, helps with better secretion of enzymes and digestive juices in the stomach, stimulates digestion and peristaltic motion. It is helpful in treating problems like anorexia.
Some of the components of essential oils in coriander such as borneol and linalool, aid digestion, proper functioning of liver and bonding of bowels and help to cure diarrhea. It is also helpful to treat diarrhea caused by microbial and fungal action, since components like cineole, borneol, limonene, alpha-pinene and betaphelandrene have anti-bacterial effects. In addition, the fresh coriander leaves are excellent appetizers.
#5 MENSTRUAL DISORDERS
Being stimulating in nature and helping proper secretion from the endocrine glands, it also helps proper secretion of the hormones and thereby inducing proper menstrual cycles and reducing pains etc. during periods.
#6 SKIN DISORDERS
The disinfectant, detoxifying, antiseptic, antifungal and antioxidant properties of coriander are ideal for curing skin disorders such as eczema, dryness and fungal infections. Coriander helps to cure ulcer, inflammation, spasm and acts as an expectorant, protects and soothes liver. It is anti-carcinogenic, anti-convulsant, anti-histaminic and hypnotic.
Coriander is believed to be a natural aphrodisiac and previously it was extensively used in certain preparations, combined with other herbs. Coriander was used in time-honored Greek medicines by Hippocrates (460-377BC). The Egyptians called this herb as “spice of happiness”, perhaps for the reason that it was well thought-out to be an aphrodisiac.
- Insulin – releasing and insulin – like activity of traditional anti-diabetic plant Coriandrum sativum (Coriander)
- EFFECT OF WALNUT LEAF, CORIANDER AND POMEGRANATE ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND HISTOPATHOLOGY OF PANCREAS OF ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
- Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil: its antibacterial activity and mode of action evaluated by flow cytometry
- Potential of coriander (Coriandrum Sativum) Oil as a natural antimicrobial compound in controlling Campylobacter jejuni in raw meat
- Medicinal benefits of coriander (Coriandrum Sativum L)
- Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its bioactive constituentsMedicinal benefits of coriander (Coriandrum Sativum L)
- Importance of Coriander (Coriandrum Sativum L.) Between the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
- Antimutagenic compounds and their possible mechanisms of action
- Anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from fruits, herbs and spices
- ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF EMBLICA OFFICINALIS AND CORIANDRUM SATIVUM AGAINST GRAM POSITIVE BACTERIA AND CANDIDA ALBICANS
- Antioxidant and antifungal activity of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil in cake
- Nutritional and medicinal aspects of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) A review